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Bengali poetry

Bengali poetry

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Template:Wikify Template:Refimprove Template:Cleanup-laundry Template:Bengali literature

Like the Bengali language, Bengali poetry traces its lineage to Pāli and other Prakrit socio-cultural traditions. An antagonism to Vedic rituals and laws heightened to a culmination in the Buddhist and Jainist movements. However, modern Bengali owes as much to Sanskrit. Like the society that thrived to populate the modern Bengal, Bengali language and culture appears to be a perfect amalgam of almost unanalysable elements. Bengali poetry is extraordinary and sweet.

Contents

Early Poetry (Inception at the Turn of the Millennium)

The history of Bengali poetry is usually divided into three major successive stages of development: Poetry of the early age such as Charyapad, Mediaeval period and the age of modern poetry. However, true modernity was introduced into Bengali poetry in 1930s.

Earliest poems

Bengali poetry of the oldest period, probably beginning from 10th century, is known for the mystic poems called Charyapad or Charyagiti. These were discovered from Nepal's Royal library by Bengali scholar Mahamahopadhyay Haraprasad Shastri.

Epic in Vernacular

Medieval Period

Bhakti Movement, Vaishnava Padabali, Shakta Padabali

The period between 1350 and 1800, was the medieval period of Bengali poetry – known as the period of Jayadeva (12th century), the renowned poet from neighboring Orissa, Vidyapati (13th century) with his love lyrics, and Badu Chandidas, the author of Sri Krishna Kirtan, the most important philosophical work of the period. The period from 1500 A. D. to 1800 A.D. was known as the Late Middle Bengali period. During this period, there was a marked influence of Chaitanya and it was this influence that led to the development of Vaishnava literature. Chandidas(13th century) is one of the greatest poet of this time. Outside Vaishnava poetry, the most significant work of the sixteenth century was Chandimangal by Mukunda Chakravarti. Also, early in the fifteenth century Bengal got two of its best-known Muslim poets of Arrakan Daulat Kazi and Alaol (1607-1680).

Birth of Modern Poetry

Template:Expand

Image:Tagore3.jpg
Nobel Laurate Rabindranath Tagore is the most famous Bengali poet of modern era

Bharat Chandra probably marks the transition period of pre-colonial theocentric poetry and modern poetry. After Bharat Chandra there is a long list of poets notable Iswar Gupta before Michael Madhusudan Dutta (1834-1873) who is the founder of modern age of Bengali literature. Another great poet of this period is Biharilal Chakravarti’s (1834-94). Then Rabindranath Tagore(1861-1941), Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899-1976), Jatindramohan Bagchi (1878-1948) and many others begin the age of modern bengali poetry.

Modern Bengali poetry a la Western school

With Rabindranath founding a firm basis for Bengali poetry, the new poets of early 1920s started a conscious movement for transcending the frontiers of traditional verses and establishing a realm of truly 'modern' poetry in Bengali. It was a successful movement that brought permanent change about the concept of structure of poetry, in addition to theme, Notably one sect of the modernists were pro-socialism poets like Sukanta Bhattacharya and Samar Sen.

Pragati-Kallol-Kavita-Parichay : Age of Modern Poetry

Image:Jibanananda Das.jpg
This is the most widely known portrait of Jibanananda Das. The date is unknown.

The modern age begins with a group of writers who wrote for Kallol, a modernist movement magazine founded in 1923. The most popular among the group were Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899 - 1976) and Mohitlal Majumder(1888-1952), Achintyakumar Sengupta (1903-1976), Satyendranath Dutta (1882-1922), Premendra Mitra (1904 - 1988) and others. Then Bengali poetry got into the brightest light of modernism in 1930s through the movement of few other little magazines such as Buddhadeb Bosu's Kabita and Sudhindranath Datta's Parichay.

The great poets of those movements— Jibanananda Das (1899 - 1954), Buddhadev Bose (1908 - 1974), Sudhindranath Dutta(1901 - 1960), Bishnu Dey (1909 - 1982), Amiya Chakravarty (1901 - 1986) and Samar Sen(1916 - 1987) were the main characters who made a significant effort to reshape Bengali Poetry.

Post World War II Poets

Template:Expand Dinesh Das (1913 - 1985), Sukanta Bhattacharya (1926 - 1947), Arun Mitra (1909-2000), Nirendranath Chakravarty, Subhas Mukhopadhyay (1919-2003), Abul Kasem Rahimuddin.

Poets of Islamic Ideals

Given the religion based politics of British India that saw partition of India on the basis of religion, soe poemts wrote poetry imbued with Islamic fervour. Some of them are Sayid Ismail Hossain Shiraji, Golam Mostofa (1897-1964), Farrukh Ahmed (1918-1974), Talim Hossain, Abdul Kadir (1906-1984). Of them Farrukh Ahmed is most accomplished and in essence, he is a modernist.

Age of Confusion

Template:Expand Arunkumar Chakraborty, Sushil Singha

Krittibas movement

The modernist movement of modernizing Bengali literature was brought one step further during the 50s, especially with the emergence of the Krittivas magazine. Major poets of this period are Sunil Chandra Sarkar, Manindra Gupta, Mangala Charan Chattopadhyay, Kiran Sankar Sengupta, Ram Basu, Biswa Bandyopadhyay, Ramendrakumar Acharya Choudhury, Sunil Basu, Nishikanta, Ranjit Singha, Sadhana Mukhopadhyay, Kiran Sankar Sengupta, Ashok Bijoy Raha.

Hungry Generation

The Movement called Hungry Generation was initially spearheaded by Karunasindhu Dey, Nirmal Basak, Uttam Das, Abhijit Ghosh, Jiban Sarkar, Brajo Chattopadhyay, Santanu Das, Rudrendu Sarkar, Batakrishna Dey, Amarendra Chakraborty, Sajal Bandyopadhaya, Kabita Sinha, Kedar Bhaduri, Jogabrata Chakraborty, Ramala Boral , Manjulika Das, Chinmoy Guha Thakurta, Manoj Nandi, Prashanta Roy, Sushil Panja, Soumitra Chattopadhyay, Shatabdi Roy and also Mrityunjoy Sen. But soon after, since a section of the literateurs were arrested on charges of obscenity against the women, Kedar Bhaduri declared in 1974 that the movement was dead. he also detouched himself from his hungry associations. then after it was Uttam Das, Nirmal Basak, Abhijit Ghosh, Jiban Sarkar, Santanu Das, Sisir Bhattacharya, Benu Dutta Roy to continue the movement. the first issue of Kabipatra was edited by Pabitra Mukhopadhyay, the 2nd by Amar Mitra, 3rd by Subimal Mishra, 4th to 7th by Sanjoy Mukhopadhyay. Pabitra also used to publish other magazines. many more like Arani Basu, Uday Bhadury, Sachin Das, Dipak Lahiri, Parombrato Chattopadhyay, Kanailal Jana, Gour Khanra, Nasim-e-alam, Tapan Maity, Subhas Gangopadhaya, Shyamal Dhar, Nityaranjan Kundu, Giridhari Kundu, Dipak Roy, Chitrita Devi, Kanak Mukhopadhyay, Jugantar Chakraborty, Sumitabho Ghoshal, Dipankar Bagchi, Shankho Ghosh were also linked with that movement and contributed writings.



EVERY INFORMATION PRESENT HERE ABOUT THE HUNGRY GENERATION MOVEMENT IS BULLSHIT. EVEN IT HAS MIXED UP SEVERAL MOVEMENT LEADERS. LIKE SAJAL BANDYAPADHYAY OR KEDAR VADURI IS FROM SRUTI MOVEMENT. AND BULLSHIT WHEN THE HELL SATABDI ROY STARTED TO WRITE POETRY THAT SHE CAN BE INCLUDED HERE???

TO ALL READERS...

THESE INFORMATION PRESENT HERE ARE ENOUGH TO MISLEAD YOU ABOUT BENGALI POETRY MOVEMENT. WHERE AS HERE THE NAME OF THE MEN WHO STARTED THE HUNGRY GENERATION MOVEMENT IS NOT PRESENT. MALAY ROY CHOUDHURI, FALGUNI ROY, DEBI ROY, SAMIR ROY CHOUDHURI, BASUDEB DASGUPTA, SAKTI CHATTERJEE, THEY STARTED THIS MOVEMENT, AND LATER SOME OF THEM QUIT SOME OF THEM REMAINED. 

WHO EVER HAVE PUT THESE INFORMATION WAY ABOVE THERE, PLEASE DONT MISLEAD PEOPLE WHO DOES NOT KNOW THE FACTS.

Bangladeshi poets after 1947

Template:Expand Bengali poetry was obliged to assume two national identities after partition of India in 1947, as the British rule ended. Bengal was divided in course of this partition, West Bengal belonging to India as a state and East Bengal belonging to Pakistan as its eastern province. Both East Pakistan and West Bengal were now home to Bengali poetry. Later, in 1971, Bangladesh, which was East Bengal in undivided India, and East Pakistan since 1947, emerged as an independent nation-state and poetry of East Bengal now came to be identified as Bangladeshi poetry.

East Pakistan, now Bangladesh, secured Sayed Ali Ahsan, Ahsan Habib(1917-1985), Jasimuddin(1903-1976), Abul Hossen, Sufia Kamal and Abu Zafar Obaidullah, among others, as its major poets. Their emergence as poet is identified with 1940s. Major poets like Jibanananda Das and Buddhadeva Bose migrated to West Bengal during or before partition of India.

Fifties and Sixties: Movement in Bangladesh

The Language Movement in 1952 and the pre-1971 movement for Bangladesh vividly influenced a large group of poets of 50's and 60's who identified the new wave of Bengali poems that later on lead the Bangladeshi poetry for the decades. This golden period of bengali poems is notably marked by Shamsur Rahman(1929 – 2006), Shahid Kadri and Al Mahmud including other most important poets like Sanaul Hoque, Hasan Hafizur Rahman, Sayeed Atiqullah, Fazal Shahabuddin, Syed Shamsul Haque, Sikder Aminul Hoque, Humayun Azad(1947-2004), Rafiq Azad, Nirmalendu Goon, Belal Chowdhury, Mohammad Rafiq, Asad Chowdhury,

Sixties : Youthful Dreams in West Bengal

Haren Ghosh, Bijoya Mukhopadhyay, Tapan Bandyopadhyay, Mohini Mohan Gangopadhyay, Abdus Samad, Mohammad Rafik, Mrityunjoy Sen, Uttam Das, Kedar Bhadury, Jiban Sarkar, Sushil Panja, Goutam Guha, Snehasis Sukul, Sikha Sukul, Snehakar Bhattacharya, Nirmal Basu of Ranaghat, Pranesh Sarkar of Badkulla, Sisir Bhattacharya, Benu Dutta Roy of Alipurduar, Arnab Sen of Jalpaiguri, Tushar Bandyopadhaya of Birpara, Jalpaiguri, Gokuleswar Ghosh, Samsul Hak, Samarendra Sengupta, Samar Bandyopadhyay.

New Voices in West Bengal

Seventies: Poems of Dreams and Protests

Aloknath Mukhopadhyay, Biswadeb Mukhopadhyay, Ekram Ali, Samarendra Das, Bapi Samaddar, Sayed Hasmat Jalal, Anjali Das, Somak Das, Shankar Chakraborty, Jamil Sayed, Shyamal Kanti Das, Promod Basu, Ratan Tanu Ghati.

Seventies: Atichetanaar Kabita (Poetry of Expansive Consciousness)

Bratati Ghosh Roy, Sumitra Dutta Choudhury, Debanjali Mukhopadhyay.

Eighties: Responsible Dreams

Sanjukta Bandopadhyay, Sanhita Bandyopadhyay, Chaitali Chattopadhyay, Ishita Bhaduri, Siddhartha Singha, Sandip Mukhopadhyay, Amalendu Biswas.

New Voices in Bangladesh

Seventies: Post Liberation poetry

In the seventies, a group of young writers came to the scene. They were the products of the liberation war that includes the poets like Abul Hasan, Uttam Kumar Barua, Suraiya Khanum, Mohammad Nurul Huda, Abid Azad, Shihab Sarkar, Asim Saha, Abdul Mannan Syed, Mahadev Saha, Farhad Mazhar, Robin Samaddar. Humayun Kabir, Rubi Rahman, Helal Hafiz, Sabdar Siddiqi and Daud Haider. However, it cannot be said that war of liberation fought in 1971 influenced the poetry of these poets in any siginifcant manner, except that poets became politicized.

Poets of Eighties

A turning point came in the eighties when a number of poets started writing in a new vein such as Rudro Md. Shahidullah, Masud Khan, Sajjad Sharif, Rezauddin Stalin, Ferdous Nahar, Abu Hassan Shahriar, and Subrata Augustine Gomes. Notably, Taslima Nasrin also belonged to this group.

Eighties & Nineties: Little Magazine Movement

The mideighties saw the emergence of a cluster of little magazines, most of which concentrated on publishing the 'new' poetry. Among these, Ekobingsho, Gandeeb, Sangbed, Anindya, Pratibhu, Barking Dogs, etc. took the leading role. Then it was followed in nineties by publishing Nodi, Proshun, Pencha, Kichuddhoni, Damodor, Pranto, Chalchitro, Ghonta, Droshtobyo etc. Some notable poets of these little magazine groups are Ashraf Shishir, Hazrat Mamun Abdullah, Khondoker Ashraf Hossain, Asim Kumar Das, Farid Kabir, Altaf Hossain, Subrata Augustine Gomes, Sajjad Sharif, Bishnu Bishwash, Sayed Tarik, Masud Ali Khan, Shantonu Chowdhury, Shoyeb Shadab, Rifat Chowdhury]], Kajal Shahnewaz, Jewel Mazhar, Masud Khan, Bratya Raisu, Shakhawat Tipu, Adittya Kabir, Shamim Kabir, Sumon Rahman, Shibli Muktadir, Bayezid Mahbub, Ashique Mostafa, Zahir Hassan, Santa Belal, Mujib Iram, Ebadur Rahman, Kamruzzaman Kamu.

Next Generation of Bangladeshi Poetry

The few are just seems going to play a significant role in the next generation of Bangladeshi Post Modern Poetry. Sufian Shojol, Raad Ahmed, Utpal Kumar Barua, Kazi Andaleeb Amin, Abu Ahshan, Mesbaul Alam Arghya, Mukti Mandal, Rizwanul Islam Rudra, Aronno, Javed Akter, Mahfuz, Niaz Ahmed Chowdhury, Ashraf Shishir, Hazrat Mamun Abdullah.

Next-Generation of West Bengal পশ্চিমবাংলার পরবর্তী প্রজন্ম

Female poets of West Bengal পশ্চিমবাংলার মহিলা কবি

Chandrabati, Girindra mohini Dasi, Kamini Roy, Priyambada Devi, Kusum Kumari Dasi, Mankumari Basu, Mrinalini Sen, Swarnakumai Devi, Ananga mohini Devi, Sarojkumari Devi, Lajjabati Basu, Uma Devi, Hasirashi Devi, Bani Roy, Radharani Devi, Rajlakshmi Devi, Kanak Mukhopadhyay, Archana Acharya Choudhury, Sadhana Mukhopadhyay, Aprajita Goppi, Kabita Singha, Manjulika Das, Ramola Boral, Gita Chattopadhyay, Ketaki Kushari Dyson, Bijaya Mukhopadhyay, Nabaneeta Deb Sen, Sutapa Bhattacharya, Debarati Mitra, Rama Ghosh, Anjali Das, Krishna Basu, Jaya Mitra, Anita Agnihotri, Sanjukta Bandyopadhyay, Chaitali Chattopadhyay, Bhaswati Roy Choudhury, Debanjali Mukhopadhyay, Kanchan Kuntala Mukhopadhyay, Ishita Bhaduri, Shuchismita Dasgupta, Mandar Mukhopadhyay, Jashodhara Roychoudhury, Ahana Biswas, Bithi Chattopadhyay, Tamalika Panda Sheth, Sumitra Dutta Choudhury, Sandhya Bhowmik, Mallika Sengupta, Chandrani Das Bandyopadhyay, Nandita Bandyopadhyay, Shubhosree Roy, Dipshikha Poddar, Sanchayita Kundu, Anuradha Mahapatra, Jyotsna Karmakar, Urmila Chakraborty, Sunanda Chakraborty, Sunanda Moitra, Sutapa Sengupta, Bratati Ghosh Roy, Bratati Biswas (Singha Roy), Chitra Lahiri, Rimi Dey, Roshanara Mishra, Mouli Mishra, Sebanti Ghosh, Shamita Dasgupta, Mou Dasgupta, Rupa Dasgupta, Papri Gangopadhyay, Trishna Bhattacharya, Mandakranta Sen, Gouri Mazumdar, Shweta Chakraborty, Bubun Chattopadhyay, Ananya Bandyopadhyay, Mousumi Roy, Kalpana Debnath, Tanushree Pal, Tanushri Bhattacharya, Kabyashree Baksi Bhattacharya, Sandhyasree Chakraborty, Madhuchhanda Mitra Ghosh, Shreyasi Gangopadhyay, Anindita Goswami, Tanushri Bhattacharya, Itushri Mohanta, Mitul Dutta, Susmeli Dutta, Meghna R Pai, Wahida Khatun, Ballari Sen, Mithu Sen, Poulami Sengupta Sarkar, Arati Bagchi, Lalita Patri, Upama Patri, Swagata Gupta, Maya Sarkar, Dipika Biswas, Subhadra Bhattacharya, Namita Choudhury, Ajita Choudhury, Nilima Saha, Ajra Banu, Reshma Khatun, Swati Indu, Sanhita Bandyopadhyay, Swapna Bandyopadhyay, Swapna Gangopadhyay, Shabari Ghosh, Jhilli Choudhury, Chandana Khan, Chhanda Chattopadhyay, Paromita Munshi, Paromita Chanda, Soumana Dasgupta, Shyamali Sengupta, Rina Giri, Rama Simlai,

Sub-Altern generation

Shambhu Rakshit,Shib Shambhu Pal, Biswajit Panda,Nitya Malakar, Sushil Panja, Giridhari Kundu, Biplab Maji, Amitesh Maiti, Achyut Mondal, Tanmoy Mridha, Haraprasad Sahu, Kalobaran Parui, Amitesh Maity, Kashinath Das Chakladar, Anindya Chaki, Kamal Dey Shikdar, Arun Sadhukhan, Satya Sadhan Chel, Rajkalyan Chel, Arup Panti, Ratantanu Ghati, Madhusudan Ghati,Ranjit Halder, Amalendu Biswas, Rakhal Biswas

Nineties : Parallel Poetry Movement

Kanak Mukhopadhay, Nandita Bandyopadhyay, Samaresh Mondal, Shamser Anwar, Alokendu Sekhar Patri, Rudra Pati, Upama Patri, Shyamsundar Dey, Sadhana Mukhopadhyay, Prashanta Guha Mazumdar,Jaladhi Halder, Sumitra Dutta Choudhury, Rabin Sur , Manik Chakraborty, Tulsi Mukhopadhyay, Abdus Shukur Khan, Ahana Biswas, Sajal Dey, Pratyush Prasun Ghosh, Nibha Dey, Nirad Roy, Sabysachi Sarkar, Pradip Mitra, Partho Bandyopadhyay, Avik Mazumdar, Sanjita Sen, Promod Basu, Niladri Bhoumik, Manab Chakraborty, Samir Majumdar, Ayan Bandyopadhyay, Achintya Nandi,Amitava Praharaj

Nineties : Mainstream Poetry of Nineties

Punyaslok Dasgupta, Anyamon Dasgupta, Benu Sarkar, Wajed Ali,Subrato Chakraborty, Nikhil Kumar Sarkar, Amalendu Biswas, Rudra Poti, Mandar Mukhopadhyay, Aveek Bhattacharya, Muhammad Matiullah, Angshuman Kar, Rajib Ghosh, Tapas Roy, Bijesh Saha, Sumitesh Sarkar, Purnendu Bharadwaj, Rajkumar Roychoudhury,Anindya Bhattacharjee, Tirthankar Moitra, Ranjit Halder, Gouri Mazumdar,Purnachandra Munian, Subal Jana, Othelo Haq

Decade of Zero : New Voices

Shakitipada Mukhopadhyay, Somabrata Sarkar, Sanjib Pramanik, Anindita Goswami, Nijan Dey Choudhury, Subodh Das, Biplab Maji, Plaban Bhowmik, Trishna Bhattacharya, Sabyasachi Majumdar, Dolly Dutta, Satyapriya Mukhopadhyay, Ratan Jana, Bapi Gayne, Arghya Mondal, Swagata Dasgupta, Sreesanta, Arjun Banerjee, Somtirtha Nandi, Dipangsu, Ripon Fio,

See also

External Links

Bengali Poetry in English Translation

Template:Bengali culture

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